Tourism Recreation Research is a multidisciplinary international journal now published quarterly; it focuses on research problems in various tourism and recreational environments — ecological, economic, and socio-cultural — and attempts to seek solutions for sustainable development. Contributions are also encouraged on fundamental research concepts and theories. The journal carries regular features such as Research Note, Post-Published Reviews and Book Reviews. The ‘Research Note’ provides an opportunity to scholars who have attained sufficient maturity to establish reliable findings in their field of research. The ‘Post-Published Review’ section has been introduced to capture deep insights into the papers that have already been published in Tourism Recreation Research to fill in gaps in the received information. Strong emphasis is laid on original research and readable prose. For more details visit

Editorial Staff 
Founder Editor TEJ VIR SINGH
Consulting Editor JAGDISH KAUR
Editor (Hony.)  SAGAR SINGH
Associate Editor  MASOOD A. NAQVI

Liaison Executive


Publication Schedule : Thrice a year (April - August - December)



Jonathan Manley  Publisher

Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group

4 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN, UK

Tel: +44 (0)20 7017 6387; mob +44 (0)7771375953

Fax:+44 (0)20 7017 6336



Cover Illustration 
Sumant Vadhera 
Former Art Director, Haryana Tourism Corporation, 

Opinions and conclusions expressed in Tourism Recreation Research are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Centre for Tourism Research and Development and/or the Editors of TRR.

Registered in India RN: 35395/77 
Ulrichs International Periodicals Directory 
New York: S. No. 1882417 
ISSN (Print): 0250-8281                                                                                               ISSN (Online): 2320-0308

© Copyright Tourism Recreation Research & Tej Vir Singh